am pleased to present the project report of Phase I
of the Earthquake Response Cooperation Program for Energy
Supply Systems. This program was based on the Earthquake
Response Cooperation Initiative proposed by Chinese
Taipei at APEC EWG 18.
APEC member economies are located in a region suffering
from frequent earthquakes. In the past decades, several
member economies such as China, Japan, Mexico, Chinese
Taipei, the Philippines, Indonesia and the USA have
experienced a series of severe earthquakes that resulted
in serious damage to energy supply infrastructure
and economic development, in addition to loss of life
and property. In January 1995, a severe earthquake
hit Kobe and Osaka, Japan. A large fire that subsequently
resulted from leakage of natural gas caused tremendous
the early morning of September 21, 1999, an earthquake
struck the central region of Chinese Taipei and resulted
in tremendous destruction. Due to the collapse of
transformer substations and several extra-high voltage
electricity transmission towers, the electricity supply
over half of Chinese Taipei was shut down for over
one week. Furthermore, rotation of electricity supply
lasted for another two weeks. Many other energy supply
systems were seriously damaged, including natural
gas pipelines, service stations and oil storage tanks.
After this major disaster, Chinese Taipei realized
that a crosseconomy cooperative mechanism for energy
supply systems would benefit many APEC member economies.
Chinese Taipei also hoped to share its valuable experiences
with other member economies.
in April 2000, the APEC EWG 19 endorsed the Earthquake
Response Cooperation Initiative launched by Chinese
Taipei to address earthquake preventative and response
measures for energy supply systems, noting that the
program development should consider the existing APEC
framework for emergency preparedness. The initiative
was also included in the APEC Energy Ministers Declaration
on May 12, 2000. Taking the above into consideration,
a 3-year Implementation ProgramˇX the Earthquake Response
Cooperation Program for Energy Supply Systems ˇX was
developed to meet the objectives of the initiative.
this program is to establish a cooperative and information
sharing mechanism among the APEC member economies
for energy supply systems in response to earthquakes.
It is being accomplished by establishing a comprehensive
information system on the Internet, by exchanging
experiences of preventing collapse of energy supply
systems during earthquakes, and by lessons from restoration
efforts after earthquake.
report is an important result of Phase I of this three-year
program. Its contents include: energy security and
earthquake disasters, past experience of energy supply
system during earthquakes, earthquake risk assessment
and management, earthquake preparedness for energy
supply systems, and earthquake disaster countermeasures
and response plans.
sincerely appreciate the efforts of all those who
have been involved in this project. The experts who
have helped us through our conference and steering
committee meeting, the domestic expert groups, and
many others who have provided useful comments. I hope
APEC member economies that suffer from earthquakes
will benefit from this report.
Earthquake Response Cooperation Program for Energy
Energy Policy and International affairs Division
Ministry of Economic Affairs