Report

Earthquake Disaster Management of Energy Supply System of APEC Member Economies

Foreword

Table of Contents

Available on-line(2.5MB, Acrobat PDF 5.0 format)

In the early morning of September 21, 1999, an earthquake struck the central region of Chinese Taipei and resulted in tremendous destruction. Due to the collapse of transformer substations and several extra-high voltage electricity transmission towers, the electricity supply over half of Chinese Taipei was shut down for over one week. Furthermore, rotation of electricity supply lasted for another two weeks. Many other energy supply systems were seriously damaged, including natural gas pipelines, service stations and oil storage tanks. After this major disaster, Chinese Taipei realized that a cross-economy cooperative mechanism for energy supply systems would benefit many APEC member economies. Chinese Taipei also hoped to share its valuable experiences with other member economies.

Therefore, in April 2000, the APEC EWG 19 endorsed the Earthquake Response Cooperation Initiative launched by Chinese Taipei to address earthquake preventative and response measures for energy supply systems, noting that the program development should consider the existing APEC framework for emergency preparedness. The initiative was also included in the APEC Energy Ministers Declaration on May 12, 2000. Taking the above into consideration, a 3-year Implementation Program- the Earthquake Response Cooperation Program for Energy Supply Systems - was developed to meet the objectives of the initiative.

This report is an important result of Phase I of this three-year program. Its contents include: energy security and earthquake disasters, past experience of energy supply system during earthquakes, earthquake risk assessment and management, earthquake preparedness for energy supply systems, and earthquake disaster countermeasures and response plans.


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