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The First Meeting of the Steering Committee of the APEC Earthquake
Response Cooperation Program on Energy Supply Systems

June 8, 2001
Chinese Taipei

Introduction

The first meeting of the steering committee of the APEC Earthquake Response Cooperation Program on Energy Supply Systems was held on June 8, 2001, in Taipei, Chinese Taipei. The meeting was chaired by Mr. Shih-Ming Chuang, Division Director of the Energy Commission, Ministry of Economic Affairs, Chinese Taipei. Attendance included representatives from Australia, China, New Zealand, and Chinese Taipei.

Members of the Steering Committee

Chair: Mr. Shih-Ming Chuang, Division Director, Energy Commission, Ministry
of Economic Affairs, Chinese Taipei
Australia: Mr. Allan Gillespie, Chairman, Electricity Supply Association of
Australia, Limited
China: Dr. Jin Xing, Deputy Director, Institute of Engineering Mechanics, China
Seismological Bureau
New Zealand: Mr. Tan Pham, CEO of AC Consulting Group and Chairman of Natural
Hazards New Zealand
Chinese Taipei: Dr. Yi-Ben Tsai, Dean, College of Earth Sciences, National Central
University
Dr. Chin-Hsiung Loh, Director, National Center for Research on
Earthquake Engineering
Dr. Ban-Jwu Shih, Associate Professor and Chairman, Department of
Civil Engineering, National Taipei University of Technology
USA (absent): Mr. David Lopez, Director, Energy Emergency Response Division, Office
of Emergency Operations, U.S. Department of Energy

Opening Remarks

The meeting started with a welcome address by Dr. Chao-Yih Chen, Secretary General of the Energy Commission, Chinese Taipei. He thanked the members for participating in this meeting. He noted the common concern member economies share in earthquake disaster and the need to develop a cooperative mechanism for information sharing and assistance. Dr. Chin-Hsiung Loh welcomed the guests and noted the damages Chinese Taipei experienced during the Chi-Chi earthquake. He hopes that we can share information with each other to enable us to respond better to future earthquakes.

Presentation by Chinese Taipei

Mr. Robert Shih presented an introduction to the APEC Earthquake Response Cooperation Program on Energy Supply Systems. He described the program background, objectives, scope, and key components of Phase 1 project and outlined the project schedule. The first seminar announcement will be distributed to member economies shortly after this meeting.

Presentation by Australia

Mr. Allan Gillespie described Australia¡¦s experience with earthquake response. Since Australia does not suffer from frequent earthquakes, utilities have little experience with response. However, a national network is in place to provide coordination, training and emergency response. Australia hopes to learn more from other member economies through this program.

Presentation by China

Dr. Jin Xing described the experiences of China during the Tan Shan earthquake and explained the earthquake warning system in China as a primary step to respond in the future. He also outlined the earthquake response system to be introduced in the future, with application to energy lifeline system. China hopes to enhance cooperation with other APEC members in this field.

Presentation by New Zealand

Mr. Tan Pham described the earthquake response capabilities of energy supply systems in New Zealand. Due to frequent earthquakes, New Zealand has a legal framework for response and requires private utilities to develop emergency plans. Overall, the focus is more on emergency management and coordination. He also described typical examples of work in earthquake response for energy supply in New Zealand.

Presentation by Chinese Taipei

Dr. Ban-Jwu Shih described the emergency response system of energy supply in Chinese Taipei, particularly the legal framework established after the Chi-Chi earthquake experience. He describes the damages on energy supply suffered during the Chi-Chi earthquake, as well as the restoration work done afterwards. He also noted the experience of Chinese Petroleum Corporation during the earthquake.

Dr. Yi-Ben Tsai presented the damage statistics from the Chi-Chi earthquake in Chinese Taipei, as well as monitoring statistics. He also describes the potential effects of earthquakes
on nuclear power plants, which did not suffer damage from the Chi-Chi earthquake.

DISCUSSIONS:

Dr. Jhy-Ming Lu outlined the discussion topics for the afternoon session, and the Chair invited members to provide comments on the following issues:

Project Schedule and Deliverables

New Zealand suggests the internet website to be up before the seminar to attract more participants from the private sector. He also suggested including private sector contributions on the information database, where it can provide links to services related to earthquake preparedness and response. The members agreed to the project schedule and deliverables.

Seminar Program, Topics and Speakers

The members agreed to hold the seminar on September 5-6, 2001. Australia suggested that the seminar be held for one and a half day. The members discussed the themes for the seminar and agreed on the following themes, as well as the corresponding suggested topics under each theme:

1. Institutional framework for emergency response of energy supply systems

  • Presentations from each participating member economy
  • Emergency response framework of energy supply systems in China

2. Past earthquake experiences related to energy supply infrastructure

  • Earthquake Response Experiences for Energy Infrastructure by Taiwan Power Company
  • Emergency Response and Restoration during Chi-Chi earthquake by Chinese Petroleum Corp.
  • Kobe earthquake experience, Japan
  • Mexico earthquake experience, Mexico
  • Tan Shan earthquake experience, China

3. Earthquake risk assessment and information systems for energy supply infrastructure

  • Haz-Taiwan Estimation Methodology by NCREE by Chinese Taipei
  • Earthquake-induced ground deformation and its impacts on foundations, underground pipelines and cables
  • Earthquake Related Active Faults of Chinese Taipei by Central Geological Survey
  • A paper from New Zealand
  • The seismic reliability of power systems by Dr. Shinozuka (USA)
  • GIS-based seismic risk management system in Daqing oil field of China

4. Earthquake preparedness and response planning for energy supply systems

  • Seismic hazard simulation and risk management of energy systems by Dr. Fumio Yamazaki, Japan (reserved)
  • A paper on power transmission and distribution systems from Japan
  • A paper on power plants from USA
  • A paper on lifelines from New Zealand
  • A paper from Taipei Gas Company

5. Panel discussion on coordination of earthquake response among APEC member
economies for energy supply systems

  • Australia
  • Japan
  • USA

Members suggested that the first announcement should include a description of benefits of this seminar to the energy supply stakeholders, such as vulnerability of APEC economies to earthquake and the benefits of reducing impacts on the economy with adequate preparedness and response capacity.

The members also agree to the following preliminary program for the seminar to be posted on the first announcement:

September 5 (Wednesday), 2001
09:00 ~ 09:30
Welcome Address and Keynote Speech
09:30 ~ 10:45
Session 1: Institutional framework for emergency response of
energy supply systems (I)
10:45 ~ 11:00
Coffee Break
11:00 ~ 12:30
Session 2: Institutional framework for emergency response of
energy supply systems (II)
12:30 ~ 14:00
Lunch
14:00 ~ 15:30
Session 3: Past earthquake experiences related to energy supply
infrastructure
15:30 ~ 16:00
Coffee Break
16:00 ~ 17:30
Session 4: Earthquake risk assessment and information systems for
energy supply infrastructure
18:30 ~ 20:30
Welcome Reception

September 6 (Thursday), 2001
09:00 ~ 10:15
Session 5: Earthquake preparedness and response planning for
energy supply systems
10:15 ~ 10:30
Coffee Break
10:30 ~ 11:45
Session 6: Panel discussion on coordination of earthquake response
among APEC member economies for energy supply systems
11:45 ~ 12:30
Discussion and Conclusion
12:30 ~ 14:00
Lunch
14:00 ~ 17:00
Site Visit (NCREE and Central Weather Bureau¡¦s earthquake
warning system)
18:30 ~ 20:30
Dinner
September 7 (Friday), 2001 Departure

Contribution from Participants

Dr. Lu asked for contribution from participants to provide relevant information from member economies, to recommend topics and speakers for the seminar, and to review and provide comments on the report. Chinese Taipei will survey the member economies to provide internet links to their related websites and databases.

Date of Second Steering Committee Meeting

The members agree to meet for one day before the seminar on September 4 to make final preparations for the seminar and to discuss the draft report and planning for Phase 2.

Closing Remarks

The Chair thanked the participants for their generous assistance by participating in this meeting.

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