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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Foreword
i
Acknowledgement
iii
Table of Contents
v
List of Figures
vii
List of Tables
ix
List of Abbreviations
x
Chapter 1. Energy Security and Earthquakes
1
1.1. Earthquake Disasters in APEC Economies
1
  1.1.1. Tangshan Earthquake in China
1
  1.1.2. Great Hanshin Awaji Earthquake in Japan
2
  1.1.3. Manzanillo Earthquake in Mexico
4
  1.1.4. Chi-Chi Earthquake in Chinese Taipei
5
  1.1.5. Northridge Earthquake in Unites State
7
1.2. The Project's Perspectives: Earthquake response cooperation system
9
1.3. Summary
9
 
Chapter 2. Past Experiences of the Energy Supply Systems during Earthquakes
10
2.1. The Damage of the Energy Infrastructure
10
  2.1.1. Electricity Supply
10
  2.1.2. Oil Supply
13
  2.1.3. Natural Gas Supply
14
2.2. Restoration and Reconstruction of Damaged Facilities
16
  2.2.1. Electricity Systems
16
  2.2.2. Oil Systems
18
  2.2.3. Natural Gas Systems
19
2.3. Summary
20
 
Chapter 3. Earthquake Risk Assessment and Management
21
3.1. Probabilistic Seismic Hazard Analysis
21
  3.1.1. Multi-hazard analysis of urban areas in Australia
21
  3.1.2. A case study: Seismic Hazard Analysis in Taiwan
24
  3.1.3. Earthquake Loss Estimation Methodology in Taiwan
31
  3.1.4. Earthquake Risk Assessment Methods in New Zealand
43
3.2. Earthquake Risk Assessment in Lifeline
46
3.3. Seismic Performance Analysis in Electric Power System
51
3.4. Seismic Performance Analysis in Petroleum Supply System
59
3.5. Earthquake Risk Assessment in Natural Gas System
62
  3.5.1. A case Study in OSAKA Gas Company, Japan
62
3.6. Summary
66
 
Chapter 4. Earthquake Preparedness for Energy Supply System
67
4.1. Institutional Framework for Emergency Response of Energy Supply System
67
  4.1.1. Emergency Management Australia and State Emergency Services Units
67
  4.1.2. China Seismological Bureau
68
  4.1.3. Energy Planning Committee in New Zealand
72
  4.1.4. Energy Commission in Chinese Taipei
76
  4.1.5. California Energy Commission
79
4.2. Summary
83
 
Chapter 5. Earthquake Disaster Countermeasure and Response Plan
84
5.1. Electricity System
84
  5.1.1. A Robust, Electric Power Supply System against Disasters in Japan
84
  5.1.2. Seismic Safety Review of Electric Power Facilities in Korea
86
5.2. Liquid Fuel System
95
  5.2.1. Chinese Petroleum Cooperation Emergency Response Plan
95
5.3. Natural Gas System
96
  5.3.1. Osaka Gas
97
  5.3.2. Seismic Disaster Prevention System in Chinese Taipei
99
5.4. Summary
104
 

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