APEC member economies are located in the region suffering
from frequent earthquakes. In the past decades, several
member economics such as China, Japan, Mexico, Chinese
Taipei, Philippines, Indonesia and USA have experienced
a series of severe earthquakes that resulted in serious
damages to their energy supply infrastructure and their
economic development, in addition to the loss of lives
and properties. In January 1995, a severe earthquake
hit Kobe and Osaka, Japan. A large fire resulted from
the leakage of natural gas and caused tremendous damages.
In the early morning of September 21, 1999, the earthquake
struck the central region of Chinese Taipei and resulted
in tremendous disasters. Due to the collapse of transformer
substations and extra-high voltage electricity transmission
towers, the shut down of electricity supply for over
half of Chinese Taipei lasted for over one week. furthermore,
the rationing of electricity lasted for another me weeks.
Also many other energy supply systems were seriously
damaged, including natural gas pipelines, service stations,
oil storage tanks, etc. After this big disaster, Chinese
Taipei found that a cross-economies cooperative mechanism
for energy supply system would benefit many APEC member
economies. We would also like to share our valuable
experience with other member economies.
main challenges faced by APEC member economies with
regard to reducing the damage of energy supply system
caused by a severe earthquake are to:
and verify the causes for the earthquake.
the emergency Communication system and make it functional
after the earthquake.
the emergency energy supply system.
of the damage condition for the energy supply system
resulted from earthquake.
the rescue action according the rescue plan.
the plan for the rebuilding of energy supply system.
this initiative is to establish a cooperative contingency
mechanism among the APEC member economies for energy
supply system. It is also to provide an opportunity
for all the APEC member economics to share their experience
in both preventing the collapse of energy supply system
during earthquakes and rebuilding these systems after
the earthquake. The initiative can be classified as
the following five aspects:
Exchange earthquakes related information and experience
by conducting seminars and translating relevant information
Establish related policy dialogue at the level of
the EWG for raising the awareness and harmonizing
institutional measures of preventing severe damages.
Set up contingency communication system to monitor
the rescue action, and establish the database to obtaining
resources for emergency energy supply.
Establish a database for accessing various resources
of emergency energy supply within the member economics.
Promote the exchange of necessary technologies for
emergency energy supply.
Advise rehabilitation programs for the reference of
member economies. Develop information acquisition
and management system in the aftermath.
project will be developed to realize this initiative.
It will include regular communication on this issue
between all the APEC member economies during each EWG
meeting. A responsible economy will be selected by the
EWG. The responsible economy will oversee the progress
of this project and make report to EWG. All the APEC
member economies cm choose to participate in or host
activities to provide valuable information for this
initiative. The actions for this initiative will include
workshop, seminars and publication of manuals. Each
effort or activity under this project will seek its
own funding from participating member economies, international
financing organizations, foundations or the private
sectors. Projects developed trader each collaborative
effort will take into consideration of establishing
and operating the cooperative contingency mechanism
of the energy supply system in response to earthquakes.
Participation in this project is entirely voluntary.
The progress of this project will be reviewed at the
EWG meeting and the status of this project will be decided
after three years of operation.