Implementation Program

EWG Implementation Program on Earthquake Response Cooperation for Energy Supply Systems

Purpose

The objective of this Implementation Program is to establish a cooperative and information sharing mechanism among the APEC member economies for energy supply systems in response to earthquakes. It will be accomplished by establishing a comprehensive information system through the Internet, by exchanging experiences on preventing collapse of energy supply systems during earthquakes, and by lessons from restoration efforts after earthquakes. Such cooperation would enhance the capacity of member economies to prepare for earthquakes and to lessen the damage to energy supply systems in the event of an earthquake.

Based on voluntary participation by all member economies, this Implementation Program consists of:

1. Compiling and analyzing information on member economies' earthquake response organization and capacity, past experiences in earthquake response for energy supplies, and restoration efforts after earthquakes;
2. Conducting seminars, focussing on earthquake resistance standards and safety regulations for basic energy facilities, including electricity, petroleum and natural gas, as well as experiences on rescue and emergency supply programs;
3. Establishing an information system for every member economy to share, with links to the APEC emergency preparedness program, in order to promote related information exchange in the region and increase energy supply security;
4. Establishing an earthquake response cooperation mechanism for energy supplies between participating member economies.

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Background

Many APEC member economies are located in regions suffering from frequent earthquakes. In the past decade, several member economies such as China, Indonesia, Japan, Mexico, Philippines, Chinese Taipei, and the United States have experienced a series of severe earthquakes that resulted in serious damages to their energy supply infrastructure and economic development, in addition to the loss of lives and properties. In 1998, APEC Ministers had endorsed the "APEC Framework for Capacity Building Initiatives on Emergency Preparedness." The purpose is to enhance preventive and responsive measures for natural disasters through improved information sharing and capacity building among APEC member economies. The framework specifies that APEC activities and projects should complement the structures and procedures of existing organizations that are active in the area of emergency preparedness. Under this framework, an Internet site of the APEC Emergency Preparedness has been established, with Australia as host, to provide information sharing among APEC member economies. The site includes emergency response contacts of member economies, links to relevant regulations and research organizations, and information on related activities being implemented by APEC working groups. So far, the Industrial Science and Technology, Marine Resources Conservation, Telecommunications, and Transportation Working Groups have provided related information. In April 2000, EWG 19 endorsed the cooperation initiative to address earthquake preventive and response measures for energy supply systems, noting that the program development should consider the existing APEC framework for emergency preparedness. The initiative was also included in the APEC Energy Ministers Declaration on May 12, 2000. Taking the above into consideration, this 3-year Implementation Program was drafted to meet the objectives of the initiative.

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Work Program

    A responsible economy will be selected by the EWG to oversee the progress of this program and report to the EWG every year during the program's implementation. The progress of this program will be reviewed by the EWG, and its status will be decided after three years of implementation.

    The Work Program will be divided into three phases, as follows:

Phase 1 (First Year) Work Items

Chinese Taipei will conduct all the works for Phase 1 of this program and provide all costs for its implementation.

1. During the first year, the EWG will hold a workshop on earthquake response cooperation in the Asia-Pacific region, to promote mutual understanding of response systems and capacity, as well as related regulations and experiences from major earthquakes. Topics will include:
1) Developing an earthquake response system for energy supplies and capacity building; 
2) Related regulations for energy facilities and earthquake resistance;
3) Response experiences for energy supplies following major earthquake damage;
4) Monitoring and immediate response systems for energy facilities. The workshop will be held in mid 2001 by Chinese Taipei, which will be responsible for the preparation costs. Experts from the region will be invited, and designated representatives from member economies will participate in the seminar.
5) Compile, analyze, and translate into English related information of earthquake response systems for energy supplies from member economies, including response organizations, capacity and resources, for reference by member economies in responding to energy related emergencies and restoration after earthquakes.
6) Establish the framework for an information website on the Internet on earthquake response system for energy supplies in the Asia-Pacific region, with links to the APEC Emergency Preparedness system. This will provide member economies convenient access to related information and analysis.

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2. Investigate and plan an earthquake response mechanism for energy supplies in the Asia-Pacific region.
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Phase 2 (Second Year) Work Items

1. In the second year, the EWG will hold a seminar on earthquake response for energy facilities in the Asia-Pacific region. Topics will include:
1) Criteria for siting energy facilities;
2) Earthquake resistance standards for energy facilities;
3) Management and conduct of energy facility rescue after earthquake;
4) Plans and implementation of emergency supply (electricity, oil, natural;gas);
5) Restoration of energy facilities after earthquakes The seminar is planned to be held by mid 2002.
2. Compile and analyze earthquake resistance standards and related regulations for energy facilities of participating member economies.
3. Compile and analyze plans and implementation of emergency supply (electricity, oil, natural gas) after earthquakes from participating member economies, for mutual learning and reference.
4. Develop a preliminary framework for an earthquake response mechanism.

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Phase 3 (Third Year) Work Items

1. EWG will hold a seminar on earthquake response system in the Asia-Pacific region. This year will focus on comparison and integration of member economies' earthquake response systems, discussion on response organization and database, and lessons from rescue response and restoration after earthquakes. The topics will at least include:
1) Progress in developing an earthquake response system for energy supplies in the Asia-Pacific region;
2) Organization and database of earthquake response for energy systems;
3) Emergency response and restoration of energy facilities after earthquakes The objectives of this seminar are to inventory resources for energy related earthquake response in the region, to integrate an information system for sharing, and to establish a mechanism for mutual assistance.
2. The information system for earthquake response will be further developed, in order to complete and maintain the system for use by member economies.
3. Compile cases of experiences for restoration of energy facilities after earthquakes, for further comparison and analysis.
4. Complete the establishment of an earthquake response mechanism for energy supplies in the Asia-Pacific region.

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Deliverables 1. Phase 1 (First Year)
  • Report on Planning of Earthquake Response and Resources System for Energy Supply in the Asia-Pacific Region

2. Phase 2 (Second Year)

  • Report on Earthquake Resistance Standards and Safety Regulations for Energy Facilities and Emergency Energy Supply after Earthquakes

3. Phase 3 (Third Year)

  • Report on Earthquake Response System for the Asia-Pacific Region and Experiences of Energy Facility Restoration.

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Timetable

This program will be implemented in three phases, according to the following schedule:

Phase 1: January to December 2001
Phase 2: January to December 2002
Phase 3: January to December 2003

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Resources

The annual budget is estimated as follows:

1. Seminars US$ 120,000/year
2. Information System Planning and Setup US$ 50,000/year
3. Information Collection, Analysis and Others US$ 80,000/year
Total
US$ 250,000/year

This program is self-funded by Chinese Taipei.

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