Implementation Program on Earthquake Response Cooperation
for Energy Supply Systems
objective of this Implementation Program is to establish
a cooperative and information sharing mechanism among
the APEC member economies for energy supply systems
in response to earthquakes. It will be accomplished
by establishing a comprehensive information system through
the Internet, by exchanging experiences on preventing
collapse of energy supply systems during earthquakes,
and by lessons from restoration efforts after earthquakes.
Such cooperation would enhance the capacity of member
economies to prepare for earthquakes and to lessen the
damage to energy supply systems in the event of an earthquake.
Based on voluntary participation by all member economies,
this Implementation Program consists of:
and analyzing information on member economies' earthquake
response organization and capacity, past experiences
in earthquake response for energy supplies, and restoration
efforts after earthquakes;
seminars, focussing on earthquake resistance standards
and safety regulations for basic energy facilities,
including electricity, petroleum and natural gas,
as well as experiences on rescue and emergency supply
an information system for every member economy to
share, with links to the APEC emergency preparedness
program, in order to promote related information exchange
in the region and increase energy supply security;
an earthquake response cooperation mechanism for energy
supplies between participating member economies.
APEC member economies are located in regions suffering
from frequent earthquakes. In the past decade, several
member economies such as China, Indonesia, Japan, Mexico,
Philippines, Chinese Taipei, and the United States have
experienced a series of severe earthquakes that resulted
in serious damages to their energy supply infrastructure
and economic development, in addition to the loss of
lives and properties. In 1998, APEC Ministers had endorsed
the "APEC Framework for Capacity Building Initiatives
on Emergency Preparedness." The purpose is to enhance
preventive and responsive measures for natural disasters
through improved information sharing and capacity building
among APEC member economies. The framework specifies
that APEC activities and projects should complement
the structures and procedures of existing organizations
that are active in the area of emergency preparedness.
Under this framework, an Internet site of the APEC Emergency
Preparedness has been established, with Australia as
host, to provide information sharing among APEC member
economies. The site includes emergency response contacts
of member economies, links to relevant regulations and
research organizations, and information on related activities
being implemented by APEC working groups. So far, the
Industrial Science and Technology, Marine Resources
Conservation, Telecommunications, and Transportation
Working Groups have provided related information. In
April 2000, EWG 19 endorsed the cooperation initiative
to address earthquake preventive and response measures
for energy supply systems, noting that the program development
should consider the existing APEC framework for emergency
preparedness. The initiative was also included in the
APEC Energy Ministers Declaration on May 12, 2000. Taking
the above into consideration, this 3-year Implementation
Program was drafted to meet the objectives of the initiative.
responsible economy will be selected by the EWG to oversee
the progress of this program and report to the EWG every
year during the program's implementation. The progress
of this program will be reviewed by the EWG, and its
status will be decided after three years of implementation.
Work Program will be divided into three phases, as follows:
1 (First Year) Work Items
Chinese Taipei will conduct all the works for Phase
1 of this program and provide all costs for its implementation.
the first year, the EWG will hold a workshop on earthquake
response cooperation in the Asia-Pacific region, to
promote mutual understanding of response systems and
capacity, as well as related regulations and experiences
from major earthquakes. Topics will include:
an earthquake response system for energy supplies
and capacity building;
regulations for energy facilities and earthquake
experiences for energy supplies following major
and immediate response systems for energy facilities.
The workshop will be held in mid 2001 by Chinese
Taipei, which will be responsible for the preparation
costs. Experts from the region will be invited,
and designated representatives from member economies
will participate in the seminar.
analyze, and translate into English related information
of earthquake response systems for energy supplies
from member economies, including response organizations,
capacity and resources, for reference by member
economies in responding to energy related emergencies
and restoration after earthquakes.
the framework for an information website on the
Internet on earthquake response system for energy
supplies in the Asia-Pacific region, with links
to the APEC Emergency Preparedness system. This
will provide member economies convenient access
to related information and analysis.
and plan an earthquake response mechanism for energy
supplies in the Asia-Pacific region.
2 (Second Year) Work Items
the second year, the EWG will hold a seminar on earthquake
response for energy facilities in the Asia-Pacific
region. Topics will include:
for siting energy facilities;
resistance standards for energy facilities;
and conduct of energy facility rescue after earthquake;
and implementation of emergency supply (electricity,
of energy facilities after earthquakes The seminar
is planned to be held by mid 2002.
and analyze earthquake resistance standards and related
regulations for energy facilities of participating
and analyze plans and implementation of emergency
supply (electricity, oil, natural gas) after earthquakes
from participating member economies, for mutual learning
a preliminary framework for an earthquake response
3 (Third Year) Work Items
will hold a seminar on earthquake response system
in the Asia-Pacific region. This year will focus on
comparison and integration of member economies' earthquake
response systems, discussion on response organization
and database, and lessons from rescue response and
restoration after earthquakes. The topics will at
in developing an earthquake response system for
energy supplies in the Asia-Pacific region;
and database of earthquake response for energy
response and restoration of energy facilities
after earthquakes The objectives of this seminar
are to inventory resources for energy related
earthquake response in the region, to integrate
an information system for sharing, and to establish
a mechanism for mutual assistance.
information system for earthquake response will be
further developed, in order to complete and maintain
the system for use by member economies.
cases of experiences for restoration of energy facilities
after earthquakes, for further comparison and analysis.
the establishment of an earthquake response mechanism
for energy supplies in the Asia-Pacific region.
Phase 1 (First Year)
on Planning of Earthquake Response and Resources System
for Energy Supply in the Asia-Pacific Region
Phase 2 (Second Year)
on Earthquake Resistance Standards and Safety Regulations
for Energy Facilities and Emergency Energy Supply
Phase 3 (Third Year)
on Earthquake Response System for the Asia-Pacific
Region and Experiences of Energy Facility Restoration.
program will be implemented in three phases, according
to the following schedule:
1: January to December 2001
Phase 2: January to December 2002
Phase 3: January to December 2003
annual budget is estimated as follows:
Information System Planning and Setup
Information Collection, Analysis and Others
program is self-funded by Chinese Taipei.