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APEC EWG 20

Earthquake Response Cooperation Program for Energy Infrastructure in the APEC Region

Proposed by
Chinese Taipei
October 19, 2000

Background

  • APEC Ministers endorsed the APEC Framework for Capacity Building Initiatives on Emergency Preparedness in 1998
  • At EWG 19, Chinese Taipei proposed the initiative on earthquake response cooperation, which was
    endorsed by EWG 19 and included in APEC Energy Ministers¡¦ declaration
  • Chinese Taipei has prepared this implementation program for consideration at EWG 20

Chinese Taipei Earthquake on September 21, 1999

  • 7.3 in magnitude; over 10,000 aftershocks
  • Over 2,300 deaths; more than 8,000 injuries
  • Serious damages included transmission towers, natural gas pipelines, gas stations, and other energy infrastructure
  • Electricity was fully restored after 19 days; natural gas pipelines after one month

Program Overview

  • Objective: Establish an earthquake response cooperation system for energy infrastructure in the APEC region
  • Timeframe: 3 years
  • Main Items:
    • Information sharing among member economies on earthquake response organizations, experts, regulations, safety standards, risk assessment, past experiences, etc.
    • Workshop, seminars, contributions from participating member economies
    • Deliverables: reports, internet database, cooperative mechanism

Earthquake Response Cooperation Program Phase 1 (First Year) Work Items

  • Hold a workshop on earthquake response for energy systems in the Asia-Pacific region
  • Compile information on earthquake response systems for energy supplies from member economies and translate into English
  • Establish framework for an information website on earthquake response for energy systems in the Asia-Pacific region
  • Investigate, define, and plan an earthquake response mechanism for energy supplies in the Asia-Pacific region
  • Deliverable :
    • Report on Planning of Earthquake Response and Resource Systems for Energy Supply in the Asia-Pacific Region

Phase 1 Implementation

  • Workshop topics may include:
    • Developing an earthquake response system
    • Regulations for earthquake resistance
    • Rescue experiences for energy supplies after earthquakes
    • Monitoring and immediate response systems
  • Assistance from participating member economies
    • Compile and analyze existing earthquake response systems, regulations, past experiences, and translate into English
    • Nominate experts for workshop participation
    • Designate points of contact in order to together plan a response cooperation mechanism for the APEC region

Earthquake Response Cooperation Program Phase 2 (Second Year) Work Items

  • Hold a seminar on earthquake response for energy facilities in the Asia-Pacific region
  • Compile and analyze earthquake resistance standards and safety regulations for energy facilities of participating member economies
  • Compile and analyze plans and implementation of emergency supply (electricity, oil, natural gas) after earthquakes from participating economies
  • Develop a preliminary framework for an earthquake response mechanism
  • Deliverable :
    • Report on Earthquake Resistance Standards and Safety
      Regulations for Energy Facilities and Emergency Energy
      Supply after Earthquakes

Earthquake Response Cooperation Program Phase 3 (Third Year) Work Items

  • Hold a seminar on Asia-Pacific earthquake response system
  • Further develop earthquake response information system for energy infrastructure
  • Compile cases of experiences on long-term restoration of energy systems after earthquakes
  • Complete the establishment of an earthquake response mechanism for energy supplies in the Asia-Pacific region
  • Deliverable:
    • Report on Earthquake Response System for the Asia- Pacific Region and Experiences of Energy Facility Restoration
  • Estimated Budget: US$ 250,000 per year
  • Phase 1 Implementation Member Economy: Chinese Taipei would like to bear the costs and to carry out the tasks of Phase 1 of this Program
  • Phase 2 and 3 Implementation:
    • Responsible member economy may seek funding from other member economies
    • EWG may apply for support from the Central Fund